In its basic political document, the 1979 Constitution it is declared that in the Islamic Republic of Iran the ultimate power is that of God. In fact, the Iranian regime is a presidential republic with theocratic support. The highest ranking religious and political personality is the Supreme Religious Leader who is the commander-in-chief of the Iranian armed forces and oversees the legislative, administrative and legal powers, as well. The religion greatly determines all spheres of life. The relationship between men and women, the dressing codes, the daily routines or even the eating habits are based on religious disciplines.
Sunrise in the desert near Kashan. Iran, 2015.
Water is sprinkled to control dust in the courtyard of a mosque in Isfahan. On the wall, the portraits of the major religious leaders are seen.
Upon entering a mosque, shoes are to be taken off.
Prayer in a mosque in Tabriz. At the religious ceremonies, men and women are separated from each other.
A turbah is a small piece of soil or clay, often a clay tablet, used during salat (Islamic daily prayers) to symbolize earth.
Prayer in a mosque in Tabriz.
Jafari from Afghanistan, student of an Islamic religious school holds his notes in his boarding room.
The faithful are ordered to have five prayers a day. Timing of the daily prayers depends from the position of the Sun.
The subha is used by Muslims to help count recitations and concentrate during personal prayers. The worshipper touches one bead at a time while reciting words of dhikr (remembrance of Allah).
Traditional mosque in Isfahan.
Woman heading for prayer in the city of Yazd.
Some of the younger generation would be open to amendments of the regulations, how- ever there is not much room left with the current conservative leadership. Women in tradi- tional black chadors that cover the whole body is still very usual.
"Mourners staff of holiness Qasem" "School of Maktab _ ol _ Qur'an ". Qasem: is one of imam Hossein sons, he was killed in Karbala desert at Ashura day. Maktab: is Arabic word for religious school.
A group of women during the Ashoura holiday in Isfahan.
A group of women during the Ashoura holiday in Kashan. Women can only participate in religious events separately from men.
People, heading for home from the evening prayer in Yazd.
Hygiene and cleanness are basics for the prayer sessions. The body and apparel of the faithful as well as the mosques are required to be clean at all times.
A student of an Islamic religious school retires to bed in his boarding room. Isfahan, Iran, 2015.